In part 1 of a 2-part series, Dr. Keyur Shah, cardiologist from VCU Health’s cardiac amyloidosis care team, discusses the two most common types of transthyretin (TTR) amyloidosis: hereditary and wild-type. He details how ATTR cardiomyopathy amyloidosis presents and manifests itself to impair the heart. Dr. Shah lists clinical clues, “red flags,” and biomarkers which can raise suspicion of the presence of amyloidosis. Next he discusses insights that can be gained from echocardiograms, electrocardiograms, and cardiac MRIs and how they offer possible indicators of the disease presence. Once amyloidosis is suspected, definitive diagnosis testing is next. See Part II: “Clinical Signs that Suggest Transthyretin Amyloidosis: Non-cardiac Clues” for more information.
In part 2 of a 2-part series, Sarah Paciulli, Heart Failure Nurse Practitioner from VCU Health’s cardiac amyloidosis care team, continues from where Dr. Keyur Shah ended in Part I and discusses here in Part II the non-cardiac clues of transthyretin (TTR) amyloidosis. She expands the list of clinical clues and “red flags” that clinicians should be alert to, including orthopedic manifestations, erectile dysfunction, and polyneuropathy. See Part I: “Cardiac Clues that Suggest Transthyretin Amyloidosis” for more.
Dr. Kevin Alexander, advanced heart failure and transplant cardiologist at the Stanford Amyloid Center, discusses transthyretin cardiac amyloidosis (ATTR-CM) and how today this is a “common rare disease,” more prevalent than previously appreciated. He summarizes findings from a study to understand diagnosis across the U.S. and how ATTR-CM disproportionately affects black individuals. This statistic is driven by the belief that 3-4% of African descendants carry the V122I TTR variant – translating to over 1 million carriers. Kevin offers a screening algorithm for who to screen for ATTR-CM, and examines sub-groups of African Americans that are important not to overlook.
The treatment for patients with Transthyretin Cardiac Amyloidosis has advanced significantly since 2018 when there were no FDA-approved therapies. In this presentation, Dr. Mat Maurer from Columbia University shares how diagnostic imaging techniques have significantly improved, thereby reducing the need for an invasive heart biopsy. In addition, he shares fascinating statistics on how the age and stage of diagnosis has been evolving. Based on today’s clinical trials, providers are optimistic that the expansion of options for patient care will continue.
The future is indeed looking brighter.